IPM Cost Benchmarks
This article describes the benefits of using highly integrated intelligent power modules which reduces size and assembly time on embedded drive systems.
Higher integration and more complex subsystems are some of the current trends in power electronics. Vincotech’s intelligent power modules show the highest level of integration among power modules currently available on the market, enabling significant system-level cost reductions and offering the best solution for space-constrained and cost-driven mechanical environments. This article describes the embedded drive assembly process and analyzes the costs for three alternative solutions.
Intelligent Power Modules for Industrial Motion Control
Discrete drives are standard solutions designed to control a wide range of motion applications. Nevertheless, higher integration and more complex subsystems are some of the current trends in the industrial market and increasingly, companies are providing embedded drive systems with different levels of customization.
Embedded drive systems integrate all the control and power electronics together with the electric motor. Thanks to their compact and hermetical design, these help to reduce the space occupancy in the systems. Since they are dedicated to specific applications, design engineers can further optimize them to reduce the size and cost of the final product and increase the reliability and performance.
Highly integrated intelligent power modules represent a very cost-effective solution for this type of mechanical environment, as they dramatically reduce the number of external components and help minimize the system assembly time.
During system assembly, one side of the power module is mounted on the printed circuit board (PCB) to connect it to the rest of the application circuitry, while the other side of the power module is typically connected to a heat sink to dissipate the heat generated by the electrical components in the power module itself (Figure 1).
Fig. 1. Module with PCB and Heat Sink
The electrical connections between the module and PCB can be made by soldering or by using Vincotech’s Press-fit technology.
The distance between the top surface of the heat sink and the bottom surface of the PCB is typically defined by the height of the power module. PCB spacers can be used to ensure the correct distance. To ensure stability and robustness, the number and the position of the fixing points depend on many factors; for example, the design of the circuit, the location of different bulky components i.e. capacitors or inductors, and the operating environment of the system. Screws, springs and isolation pads may also be used during the mounting process.
Furthermore, the assembly process may require the drilling of holes in the heat sink and the application of thermal paste to the module-to-heat sink interface to improve the thermal dissipation.
Table 1 shows the cost comparison between Vincotech’s intelligent power module, a competing intelligent power module, and a discrete solution:
|flow IPM||Competition IPM||Discrete|
|Cost of Assembly (assembly material + labor)||10.1%||30.6%||71.9%|
|Discrete Electrical Components||0.0%||29.2%||57.1%|
Table 1. Cost comparison
Using Vincotech’s intelligent power module as a reference, the normalized costs clearly show that the high level of integration of Vincotech’s intelligent power module results in a significant system-level cost-saving and represents the best solution for space-constrained and cost-driven mechanical environments (Figure 2).
Fig. 2. Cost analysis – Flow IPM vs. Discrete and Competing IPM
The assembly costs can be dramatically reduced by integrating all the motor drive’s functional blocks. Due to size constraints and application flexibility, the input filter, the DC capacitor, and the microcontroller are typically not integrated.
Using integrated intelligent power modules simplifies and streamlines the motor drive assembly with fewer external components and smart isolation techniques. In addition, diode rectifiers, brake chopper or power factor correction circuits and sixpack output stages can also be integrated.
Thick-film technology enables higher levels of integration, allowing the integration of gate drives, PFC controllers and passive components (see Figure 3).
Fig. 3. Thick film technology
Different layers of conduction and isolating materials are printed on a ceramic sheet. The layers can build tracks, pads, and resistors which can be laser-trimmed to achieve high levels of precision.
Additional cost savings can be achieved by using Vincotech’s Pressfit technology (Figure 4). This further reduces PCB assembly time and effort by eliminating the need for soldering, cuts process time and costs, and boosts production output.
Fig. 4. Press-fit pins for solderless mounting
Vincotech’s intelligent power modules provide the functional integration and power density that engineers need to design cost-effective embedded drive systems. The high level of integration achieved by Vincotech’s IPMs enables system engineers to develop more compact designs and take advantage of a proven combination of power components and gate drive circuits. As these are the most critical elements in the control and power electronics, this mitigates the risk associated with circuit design, speeds up development, and dramatically reduces both costs and time to market.
About the Author
Michele Portico is the Product Marketing Manager at Vincotech GmbH, Unterhaching. He is responsible for power electronics modules for the worldwide Industrial market, focusing on Motion Control applications and he is also in charge of the development and implementation of effective marketing strategies, analysis of new market segments, competition analysis and benchmarking. He got his Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in Electronics Engineering; Doctor of Philosophy; and Master's Degree with full marks on Electronics Engineering at Universita' Federico II, Napoli, Italy.
This article originally appeared in the Bodo’s Power Systems magazine.