Nippon Oil (Japan), a large petroleum refining company, presented its 10 kW, stationary proton-exchange membrane (PEM) ENEOS kerosene-powered fuel cell unit. Nippon Oil has plans to bring the unit to a commercial stage by 2006 for an estimated price of around US$20,000 to US$30,000.
The development efforts are part of the Japanese New Energy Foundation (NEF), a program of several fuel cell manufacturers, which aims to commercialise small stationary units in Japan. Nippon Oil’s kerosene prototype will be installed in Tokyo in February as part of the programme. Apart from the 10 kW unit, the company is interested in the development of more compact 1 kW fuel cell units for home use.