Ultra-Wide-Load-Range Digital DC-DC for IoTNovember 09, 2016 by Jeff Shepard
Toshiba Corporation announced development of an on-chip Single-Inductor Multiple-Output (SIMO) dc-dc converter for IoT devices reliant on coin-type lithium-ion batteries for power. The new converter achieves 65% to 86% efficiency in the load range from 1µW to 50mW, more than 100-times wider than that of a conventional SIMO dc-dc converter, and extends the battery life of IoT devices.
The advance was announced at the IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuits Conference (A-SSCC) 2016 in Toyama, Japan, on November 9. Toshiba plans to use the SIMO dc-dc converter in low-power ICs for IoT devices, including BluetoothÂ® low energy, in the future. Toshibaâ€™s new SIMO dc-dc converter achieves over 80% efficiency when the load power is above 5Î¼W and about 65% when the load power is 1Î¼W.
Toshiba has also improved efficiency in the tens of mW load range. Conventional analog control required a relatively long wait time before channel switching to prevent interference between output channels of a SIMO dc-dc converter, degrading efficiency in this load range. The new SIMO dc-dc converter uses digital feedback control to minimize waiting time.
The above architecture supports Toshibaâ€™s SIMO dc-dc converter in achieving practical efficiency of 65%-to-86%, in the wide load range from 1Î¼W to 50mW. The load range in which the conversion efficiency exceeds 60% is more than 100-times wider than that of conventional SIMO dc-dc converters, and the new SIMO dc-dc converter extends the battery life of IoT devices that are driven by coin-type lithium-ion batteries.
ICs that rely on small capacity coin-type lithium-ion batteries for power supply are increasingly used in a wide variety of IoT applications, and are required to save power by operating at minimum supply voltages in each circuit. In order to supply multiple voltages, multiple external inductors were required in a conventional dc-dc converter, but a SIMO dc-dc converter needs only one external inductor. This advantage in reducing device cost and volume has stimulated widespread R&D of SIMO dc-dc converters.
Since an IoT device spends most of its life in standby mode (where power consumption is below 1mW) and a small part of it in active mode (where power consumption is in the tens of mW), a SIMO dc-dc converters must support a wide load range with high conversion efficiency. However, conventional SIMO dc-dc converters were not designed for IoT applications, and have not been able to support such a wide load range with practical efficiency.
Toshiba has improved SIMO dc-dc converter efficiency in the light load range. The highly-sensitive comparator of the conventional control circuit is replaced with a new control circuit that consists of only logic gates, reducing its power consumption. In addition, the switching frequency of switches that distribute current to output channels is reduced by the newly proposed operation mode.