Ultra-Low Power Step-up DC-DC for Energy Harvesting Powered IoT Sensors
Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation (AKM) has developed a step-up dc-dc converter that works only consuming 3μW of power. The AP4470 helps provide long term, multipoint and a low-cost sensing network. This accelerates large-scale Internet of Things (IoT) implementations.
Applications for the AP4470 are expected to include: Capturing small amounts of energy, (Energy harvesting; Single photovoltaic cell, Rectenna, MFC, Carbon Nanotube, Current Transformer, Piezoelectric, etc); and Trigger switch system with zero standby current.
Energy harvesting is the technology that derives small amounts of energy directly from the environment and converts it into electric power. Efficient power management is a key component for energy harvesting.
One of the biggest issues is that consumption from the power management function is greater than the energy supply from the environment. Therefore, there are so many energy sources that have never been used in our environment.
sensingnet Inc. has been developing Regenerative Sensing System using the AP4470 for sustainable power sources. Microbial fuel cells (MFC) utilize the electric power that is generated by microorganisms present in soil, wastewater, and other environments.
This is a significant technology that can secure a permanent supply of power from almost any place that microbial activity exists.
By employing a booster chip such as the AP4470 that independently augments the micro-electricity that is produced by these microorganisms, the MFC system produces continuous power resources that support such edge computing as sensing and communication.
Features of the AP4470 include:
0.2V Input Self-Startup without Transformer
The AP4470 requires only 0.2V input to start boosting without the need for an external transformer. This helps minimize energy harvesting materials size and simplify the structure. The AP4470 enables new ways to provide power to drive sensors, displays and wireless modules.
Embedded Power Supply and Protection Functions
The AP4470 has 2 switches that control the power supply for target devices, (sensors, wireless modules, LEDs), and protect external storage, (capacitors), and the target. This provides a self-powered wireless sensor node, display system with simple hardware design.
The AP4470 converts dc inputs up to 3.55V and monitors external storage. When the external storage's voltage reaches 3.3V, the AP4470 automatically starts supplying to target devices. If the voltage drops down to 2.6V, the AK4470 stops supplying voltage and current via on-chip switch function.
2-types of power indicators offer a reset function and trigger switch with zero standby current. The AP4470 has a pin that outputs a signal when the boosting circuit becomes active. The AP4470 has another pin which outputs a signal when the AP4470 starts supplying, which means external storage's voltage reaches 3.3V.