Rohde & Schwarz Power Sensors Enable RF Power Measurements to 67 GHz
The company’s latest three-path diode power sensors feature a dynamic range of from -70 dBm to 20 dBm.
The R&S NRP67S and R&S NRP67SN power sensors can take 10,000 measurements per second over a range of 50 MHz to 67 GHz, with what Rohde & Schwarz (R&S) describes as accuracy not previously possible over this dynamic range or at such high frequency.
Image courtesy of Rohde and Schwartz
Why Three Diodes?
Put in its simplest terms, diodes react to AC power differently over different power ranges. Measurements are most simply and accurately made over power levels contained within what is described as the “square law region”. The signal to be measured can be modified and presented to each of the three diodes in an alternative manner, in three different “paths”. Within each of the paths, the detector can operate within the square-law region, with more reliable results made possible.
For the new NPR67S and the NPR67S(N), the three power paths are:
- Path 1: –70 dBm to –15 dBm
- Path 2: –53 dBm to +5 dBm
- Path 3: –33 dBm to +20dBm
The Need for High-Frequency Measurement
The world of electronics is expanding into ever-higher frequency realms. The latest supported WiFi and WirelessHD (high-frequency video transmission) standards operate at frequencies north of 57 GHz. And indeed, most other wireless communication protocols are following suit. Because of this undeniable trend, R&S envisions the new devices as “a near-universal tool for wireless infrastructure power measurements.”
High Portability and Flexibility
The two new devices and all members of the extended NRPxxS power sensor family, with their portable format, will serve for a range of local or remote applications in installation, monitoring and maintenance.
The user can choose to mate them to an R&S NRX power meter. They also work well with certain Rohde & Schwarz signal generators and analyzers. Another possibility would be a PC that has the R&S NRPV virtual power meter software installed.
Additionally, the NRP67SN model includes an Ethernet interface, facilitating remote LAN-based operation. The ubiquitous USBTMC protocol is supported, allowing easy integration into a variety of test systems. When referring to both models, the term NRP67S(N) is used in R&S literature.
The NRP67S(N), as previously described, measure power ranging from –70 dBm to +20 dBm, or from 100 pW to 100 mW. Maximum is 200 mW (average) and 1 watt for 10 µs. The unit employs a 1.85 mm (male) connector.
Standing Wave Ratio
- 50 MHz to 2.4 GHz: < 1.13
- Greater than 2.4 GHz up to 8.0 GHz: < 1.20
- Greater than 8.0 GHz to 18.0 GHz: < 1.25
- Greater than 18.0 GHz to 26.5 GHz: < 1.30
- Greater than 26.5 GHz to 33.0 GHz: < 1.35
- Greater than 33.0 GHz to 40.0 GHz: < 1.37
- Greater than 40.0 GHz to 50.0 GHz: < 1.40
- Greater than 50.0 GHz to 67.0 GHz: < 1.68
Uncertainty for Power measurements
These figures are for temperatures ranging from +20 to +25 ℃.
- Absolute: 0.073 to 0.255 dB
- Relative: 0.028 to 0.266 dB
Electromechanical Compatibility Standards
- EN 61326-1
- EN 61326-2-1
- EN55011(class B)